Is your cat experiencing coughing, fever or signs of illness? They may be suffering from pneumonia. Today our Thornton vets discuss the different types of pneumonia, the symptoms your cat may experience and what the prognosis may be.
What are the different types of pneumonia in cats?
Pneumonia in cats can be caused by a number of bacteria, viruses, or fungal organisms that can make their way into your cat's body causing various infections resulting in pneumonia. Pneumonia in cats can result in a weakening of their immune system due to low blood oxygen levels due to difficulties with breathing.
Although cats of any age can develop pneumonia, our Thornton vets most often see pneumonia in very young kittens, senior cats, or cats with other underlying health conditions. Some of the different types of pneumonia in cats are:
- Infectious pneumonia results from a viral or bacterial infection in the lungs and airways. This is also the most common type of pneumonia that we diagnose in cats.
- Aspiration pneumonia is caused by the cat inhaling a foreign material, which leads to irritation of the sensitive lining of the lungs. A common cause of aspiration pneumonia in cats is the improper administration of liquid medications, or the inhalation of vomit if the cat is sick.
Fungal Pneumonia (also called mycotic pneumonia)
- Fungal pneumonia begins as a fungal infection that progresses into the development of pneumonia. The inhalation of spores from the soil is believed to be the source of most fungal infections in cats.
- In some cases, parasites including lungworms and flukes can invade the cat's air passages and result in pneumonia.
What are the signs of pneumonia in cats?
In cats, pneumonia isn't always straightforward to detect since many of the symptoms are also associated with other illnesses including other respiratory infections such as cat colds. Nonetheless, if your cat is suffering from pneumonia they may display one or more of these symptoms:
- Coughing up mucus or blood
- Gurgling or rattling respiratory sounds
- Nasal discharge
- Lack of appetite
- Bluish mouth
- Shallow or labored breathing
- Unusually fast breathing rate
- Persistent coughing
- Weight loss
- Untidy appearance
If your cat has aspiration pneumonia they could experience other symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, increased heart rate and vomiting. Whereas fungal pneumonia in cats can also cause eye or skin problems such as runny eyes and skin lesions, as well as lameness.
Should you be concerned about pneumonia being contagious?
If your cat is suffering from either viral or bacterial pneumonia it is important to keep in mind that they can transmit their illness to other animals that they come into contact with.
If your cat contracts pneumonia you should be sure to isolate them within the home and keep all of your pets and animals away from them until they have fully recovered. Provide your sick cat with a comfy place to rest, a fresh clean litter box, and plenty of food and water.
You will need to clean all of your cat's things regularly including their litter box, food dishes and all toys and blankets. Washing your hands after every time you come into contact with your cat is crucial.
What is the prognosis for cats suffering from pneumonia?
You should have your cat examined as soon as possible in order to allow your vet to begin treatment as soon as possible to help your cat's condition improve as quickly as possible. Based on the severity of your cat's symptoms, treatment may include hospitalization for monitoring, oxygen therapy or a nebulizer treatment to help ease respiratory symptoms, as well as intravenous fluids to treat dehydration, and broad-spectrum antibiotics or anti-fungal medications to help fight infection.
Early intervention and treatment will be key to a good outcome. That said, aspiration pneumonia is particularly difficult to treat and can lead to further complications later.
The underlying cause of the illness, as well as your cat's overall health, and age, will all play a role in how well your feline friend recovers from pneumonia. Sadly, cats that are very young, very old, or immunocompromised may not be strong enough to battle a severe case of pneumonia.Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.